In The Leopard, Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa wrote: “If we want things to stay as they are, things will have to change”. During its turbulent architectural history, La Scala has seen two moments of important transformation.

The first was the reconstruction of the Theatre, carried out by Luigi Lorenzo Secchi, following the air raid of 1943. The second was the massive renovation work (2002-2004), conducted under the supervision of Mario Botta. The two architects, however, had one thing in common: the precise intention of conserving the past and the history of La Scala. So the vault, destroyed in the bombing, was rebuilt according to the same measurements and using the same materials (hard poplar) as those employed by Piermarini.

New nails were made copying the eighteenth-century nails found among the debris. During the renovation work that began in 2002, the carpet in the stalls was removed, along with the bombing debris that had been hurriedly buried under the stage, as well as the linoleum from the boxes revealing the eighteenth-century Lombard-style tiles.